Growing and Irrigating Aubergine (Eggplant)

Aubergine, also known as eggplant, is a popular vegetable crop that is widely cultivated for its versatile culinary uses. Growing aubergine can be a rewarding experience, both in terms of taste and economic benefits. In this article, we will explore the process of growing aubergine and discuss efficient methods of irrigating this crop for optimal yields.


Aubergine, scientifically known as Solanum melongena, is a warm-season crop that belongs to the nightshade family. It is native to the Indian subcontinent and has been cultivated for centuries in various parts of the world. The plant has a bushy growth habit with large, dark purple or glossy black fruits that are commonly used in various cuisines.

Why Aubergine is a great choice to grow economically?

Aubergine is a great choice to grow economically due to several reasons. Firstly, it has a high demand in the market, making it a profitable crop for farmers. The vegetable is widely used in dishes such as moussaka, ratatouille and curries, which are popular in many cultures.

Secondly, aubergine has a long harvesting period, allowing farmers to have a continuous supply throughout the season. This extended harvest window increases the chances of selling the produce at a higher price, as compared to crops with a short harvest period.

Lastly, aubergine can be grown in a variety of climates, making it suitable for cultivation in different regions. With proper care and management, farmers can achieve good yields and maximize their profits.

What is necessary to grow Aubergine?

To successfully grow aubergine, certain requirements need to be met. Here are the key factors to consider:

Climate and Temperature

Aubergine thrives in warm climates with temperatures ranging between 21°C and 29°C (70°F - 85°F). It is a heat-loving plant that requires a minimum of 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Ensure that the frost-free period is long enough to support the growth and development of the crop.

Soil Preparation

Aubergine prefers well-drained, fertile soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 6.5. Prior to planting, the soil should be enriched with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. This helps improve soil structure, water retention and nutrient availability.

Seed Selection and Planting

Choose high-quality aubergine seeds from a reputable source. Start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your region. Sow the seeds in trays or pots filled with seed-starting mix. Transplant the seedlings into the garden when they have developed 4-6 true leaves and all chances of frost have passed.

Watering and Irrigation

Aubergine requires consistent moisture throughout its growing season. Adequate irrigation is crucial for the plant's growth, fruit development and overall health. It is essential to use efficient and sustainable irrigation methods to optimize water usage and minimize wastage.

How to water Aubergine in the most efficient and modern irrigation methods?

Modern irrigation methods have revolutionized the way crops are watered, improving water efficiency and reducing labor requirements. Here are some efficient irrigation methods for aubergine cultivation:

Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation is a highly efficient method that delivers water directly to the plant's root zone, minimizing water loss through evaporation and runoff. This method uses a network of tubes with emitters that release water slowly and evenly. Drip irrigation ensures that water is delivered precisely where it is needed, promoting healthy plant growth and reducing weed competition.

Sprinkler Irrigation

Sprinkler irrigation involves the use of overhead sprinklers that distribute water over the crop in the form of fine droplets. This method is suitable for larger aubergine fields and can provide uniform coverage. However, it may result in some water loss due to evaporation and wind drift.


Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of the aubergine plants helps conserve soil moisture by reducing evaporation. Mulching also suppresses weed growth, which can compete with the crop for water and nutrients. Organic mulches such as straw, wood chips, or grass clippings can be used.

Irrigation Scheduling

Proper irrigation scheduling is crucial to avoid under or over-watering the aubergine plants. Monitoring soil moisture levels using a soil moisture sensor or by manually checking the soil's moisture content can help determine when to irrigate. It is important to water deeply and infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between irrigation events.

A guide with detailed instructions for a perfect irrigation setup to grow Aubergine

To set up an efficient irrigation system for growing aubergine, follow these steps:

  1. Assess the field: Determine the size and layout of your aubergine field. Consider factors such as slope, soil type and water source availability.

  2. Choose the irrigation method: Select the most suitable irrigation method based on your field's characteristics and water availability. Drip irrigation is recommended for smaller areas, while sprinkler irrigation may be more suitable for larger fields.

  3. Design the irrigation system: Calculate the water requirements of your aubergine crop based on factors such as evapotranspiration rates and crop coefficient. Consult with an irrigation specialist or use online tools to design the irrigation system, ensuring proper water distribution and coverage.

  4. Install the irrigation system: Install the main water supply line, valves, filters and fittings according to the design plan. Lay out the drip lines or sprinkler system, ensuring even spacing and proper alignment.

  5. Test the system: Before planting the aubergine crop, test the irrigation system to ensure proper functioning. Check for any leaks, clogs, or uneven water distribution. Make necessary adjustments and repairs as needed.

  6. Monitor and maintain: Regularly monitor the irrigation system, ensuring that it is delivering water efficiently. Clean filters regularly to prevent clogging and check for any signs of system malfunction. Adjust irrigation schedules based on weather conditions and crop requirements.

By following these steps, you can establish a well-designed and efficient irrigation system for growing aubergine, resulting in healthy plants and optimal yields.

Promoting DripPro Irrigation Systems for Aubergine growers

DripPro Irrigation Systems is a leading manufacturer of high-quality irrigation products, including drips, sprinklers, valves, filters, fittings, hoses and lay flat pipes. Their products are designed to maximize water efficiency, reduce water wastage and enhance crop productivity.

For aubergine growers, DripPro Irrigation Systems offer several advantages. The precise water delivery of their drip irrigation systems ensures that aubergine plants receive the right amount of water directly at the root zone, minimizing water loss and promoting healthy growth. The use of filters and valves helps maintain clean water supply and allows for precise control over irrigation schedules.

Furthermore, DripPro's sprinkler systems provide uniform coverage, ensuring that aubergine fields receive adequate water distribution. Their durable hoses and lay flat pipes are designed to withstand the demands of agricultural irrigation, providing long-lasting performance.

By investing in DripPro Irrigation Systems, aubergine growers can improve their agricultural business by maximizing water efficiency, reducing labor costs and achieving higher yields.

In conclusion, growing aubergine can be a profitable venture when proper care and efficient irrigation methods are employed. By understanding the requirements of the crop and implementing modern irrigation techniques, farmers can ensure optimal growth and economic benefits. Consider utilizing irrigation products from DripPro Irrigation Systems to enhance water efficiency and productivity in aubergine cultivation.